Kidney canceris a type of cancer originating from kidney cells. Kidney cancer does not give any symptoms in the early stages and is usually detected incidentally during examinations such as ultrasonography or computed tomography for other reasons.In the advanced stage of the disease, symptoms such as low back pain and bloody urination occur.
When the disease is diagnosed, if it has not spread to other parts of the body, the kidney is surgically removed. This process is called radical nephrectomy.
Depending on the size and location of the tumor, the surgical method is changed.ifthe kidney is taken completely with the adipose tissues around it, then this method is called radical nephrectomy. Ifonly the tumor portion of the kidney is removed, and the rest of the kidney is left, then this process is called partial nephrectomy.
The nephrectomy can be performed by open, laparoscopic or robotic methods.In robotic nephrectomy, the surgeon performs surgery with robotic arms, which are inserted into the abdomen from small incisions, each of which is about 1 cm and which are opened on the abdominal wall.Robotic arms, which are capable of performing maneuvers which cannot be done by human hand, can reach to narrow areas which human hand can not reach. And also the hand tremor problem which is encountered during the open surgical procedure is not seen in robotic surgery.
Very small incision, less pain in the postoperative period and faster return to daily life are the main advantages of robotic surgery.